Wayback Integration Guide


In order to use Wayback as an review tool within WCT, you need to deploy and configure an instance of Wayback to run inside your Tomcat container. It is this instance of Wayback that performs the indexing.

This guide shows how to deploy and configure an instance of Wayback to run inside your Tomcat container.

Contents of this document

Following this introduction, the Wayback Integration Guide includes the following sections:

  • Wayback Vs OpenWayback - Covers the Wayback options.
  • Installation - Covers installing Wayback.
  • Configuration - Covers configuring Wayback.
  • Wayback as a Review Tool in WCT - Covers configuring Wayback for use as a review tool in the Web Curator Tool.
  • Testing - Covers testing the Wayback installation.
  • More information - Provides some links for more information.

Wayback vs OpenWayback vs PyWayback

There are a number of options for Wayback, including Wayback from the Internet Archive, OpenWayback from IIPC and PyWB from Rhizome. Web Curator Tool was originally developed and tested with Wayback however OpenWayback and PyWB are more actively developed at the moment.

Here is an explanation of the history and differences between Wayback and OpenWayback. For documentation on PyWB click here.


Download Wayback here.

Download OpenWayback here.

Download PyWB here.


The OpenWayback Wiki contains a useful install guide and configuration guide. These are also relevant for Wayback.

PyWB has useful setup information to get started and configure your archive, keep in mind that PyWB is set up differently to OpenWayback. Unlike OpenWayback, which runs in Tomcat, PyWB runs on its own Gevent server so you will need to keep in mind which port you want to run PyWB on. You will also need to factor in the file structure of the archive and where WCT is storing the warcs.

Once you have the tool running in Tomcat or Gevent and can see the homepage in your browser then you are ready to configure the interaction with WCT.

The Wayback Machine banner

The OpenWayback banner

The PyWB banner


Please note: From here forward any reference to Wayback applies to OpenWayback and Wayback. This does not cover PyWB configuration.

The easiest configuration to get WCT and Wayback working together is to leave Wayback with its default setting of indexing using BDB (instead of CDX). As Wayback indexes by watching a folder for new files, we need to configure WCT to copy new harvests to a common location between the two. Note you don’t have to move where WCT is storing your harvests, this is an extra location common to WCT and Wayback.

In this example our common location will be /wct/wayback/.

  • WCT will copy our warc/arc files to /wct/wayback/store/, and Wayback will be watching this folder for any new files to index.

  • The indexes that Wayback creates will be in /wct/wayback/index-data/merged/.

  • Shut down Tomcat

  • Open your wct-das.properties file and make the following changes. (wct-das.properties is located in /<path to tomcat>/webapps/wct-store/WEB-INF/classes/):

    # Enable this indexer
    # Frequency of checks on the merged folder (milliseconds)
    # Time to wait for the file to be indexed before giving up (milliseconds)
    # Location of the folder Wayback is watching for auto indexing
    # Location of the folder where Wayback places merged indexes
    # Location of the folder where Wayback places failed indexes
  • Open your wayback.xml file and change the wayback.basedir path. (wayback.xml is located in /<path to tomcat>/webapps/wayback/WEB-INF/):

    <bean class="org.springframework.beans.factory.config.PropertyPlaceholderConfigurer">
        <property name="properties">
  • Open your BDBCollection.xml file and change the prefix property. (BDBCollection.xml is located in /<path to tomcat>/webapps/wayback/WEB-INF/):

    <bean id="datadirs" class="org.springframework.beans.factory.config.ListFactoryBean">
        <property name="sourceList">
            <bean class="org.archive.wayback.resourcestore.resourcefile.DirectoryResourceFileSource">
              <property name="name" value="files1" />
              <property name="prefix" value="${wayback.basedir}/store/" />
              <property name="recurse" value="false" />

Inside our common location Wayback will create the following folder structure. (/index-data/merged/ is where the completed indexes are stored. Their file names exactly match the name of their corresponding warc/arc file, including the extension):


PyWB Configuration

PyWB is different to OpenWayback and Wayback in that it requires a collection to be initialised, it uses .cdxj as index files, and it runs on a separate Gevent server. If you intend to use PyWB along with another Wayback tool you might want to either configure the waybackIndexer.waybackInputFolder within wct-das.properties to the initialised PyWB archive directory collections/collectionName/archive or symlink the initialised PyWB archive directory with the directory you have used for waybackIndexer.waybackInputFolder. This way PyWB will always get a copy of the warc files that are being generated.

When you run the PyWB server you can specify the port using -p. Using -a will ensure that the initialised PyWB archive directory is checked every 30 seconds for new warcs to index. Any warc files that are manually added in will be indexed within indexes/index.cdxj and any warc files that are indexed using the autoindex setting will be indexed within indexes/autoindex.cdxj.

Wayback as a Review Tool in WCT

In order to use Wayback as a review tool inside WCT, there are some more configuration changes.

First take note of the url that Wayback is running from inside Tomcat. This should match the wayback.urlprefix property we saw above in wayback.xml. In our example it is http://localhost:8080/wayback/.

Open your wct-core.properties file and make the following changes. (wct-core.properties is located in /<path to tomcat>/webapps/wct/WEB-INF/classes/):


Using Multiple Review Tools in WCT

Within the Target Summary for the harvest you will have options for different Quality Review Tools. There will be a link to Review in Access Tool plus other links to other archives which you can specify the name of. All of these links are configurable via wct-core.properties.

  • Review in Access Tool uses the value set in harvestResourceUrlMapper.urlMap
  • qualityReviewToolController.archiveName uses the value set in qualityReviewToolController.archiveUrl
  • qualityReviewToolController.archive.alternative.name uses the value set in qualityReviewToolController.archive.alternative

Config and links for multiple review tools


Once you have restarted Tomcat, schedule a harvest to test the integration.

  • When the harvest is completed, you should see it’s warc/arc file copied to /wct/wayback/store

  • When the indexing is complete, you should see the index file in /wct/wayback/index-data/merged

  • Inside WCT - Under the Harvest Results tab for a Target Instance, Review your completed harvest.

    Target Summary Harvest Results

  • Choose the option to ‘Review in Access Tool’ to view the harvest in Wayback.

    Target Instance - Review Tools

More information

The following guides can provide additional information: